By Andrea Weidemann
Ars Nova Singers soprano Andrea Weidemann prepared this article to give further insight into this stunning work.
We have shared a lot about a special piece on our program, Spem in alium – not only because it is such a logistically intriguing *motet, but because it is considered to be one of the finest pieces of English choral music ever written. Composed by the impressive figure Thomas Tallis, (whose music is strongly featured on our REBIRTH program), Spem in alium’s novel trait is its forty different vocal lines, something so groundbreaking that its measures still resound nearly five hundred years later. Ars Nova Singers undertakes this challenging masterpiece with one singer to each part.
How does a singer approach learning and performing something so ingenious?
How can an audience member interpret such a rich tapestry of aural experience?
Imagine yourself transported to the past, looking up to the vaulted domes of an English cathedral, your ears taking in authentic “surround sound” from just echo and resonance alone as vocal lines soar in, out, and around each other. This is medieval audio engineering that would have made a lasting impression on anyone that heard it.
Some quick historical context: Thomas Tallis lived to be an old man of age eighty, longer than the typical lifespan in 1500s England, and his career as a musician in the Royal Court spanned the rules of four monarchs. There is not much recorded history determining whether Spem in alium was performed in Tallis’s lifetime, but historians believe that the piece was written for eight separate choirs, with the intention that they would all meet together to sing for the birthday of Queen Elizabeth I.
Part of the beauty of learning how to perform Spem in alium with Ars Nova Singers is completing its musical puzzle. Choir members listen in all directions to fulfill their role in the *counterpoint, while each voice enters exactly in rhythm as melodic themes cycle. It can certainly be challenging to hold your own while singing in forty parts: in their slow and steady rhythm, forty solo lines can instill a “needle-in-a-haystack” feeling. Yet with every rehearsal, the piece comes more and more to life, as each individual feels the music steadily morph into different colors and intensities. Tom’s reminder to be “gently relentless” keeps the choir moving as a homogeneous entity, motivated to create beauty in every word, phrase, and dynamic level.
Each singer’s line is melodically simple, yet its contrapuntal weaving with the other voices was the careful theoretical, even mathematically complex, placement by Tallis. In its large-scale presentation of themes, it shows hints of *minimalism, and its dramatic shifts and pauses feel almost operatic. So, in such complexity, how can one bend the ear to take all of it in? The gradual ebb and flow of this piece, as well as its grand pauses, are best interpreted as changing shapes, lines, and gradients of color, to express a deeper, more personal meaning for the listener.
REBIRTH by Ars Nova Singers spans ancient and sacred music from Thomas Tallis to *Josef Rheinberger – over 300 years of choral music. The choir will perform three works by Tallis and then progress to Baroque songs by *Henry Purcell, as well as a work by *Emilio de’ Cavalieri featuring harpsichord and a theatrical trio to celebrate wedding music of the Italian Renaissance. The program culminates in the majestic Mass in E-flat for double chorus by Rheinberger.
REBIRTH is for those who revel in moments of profundity and those who enjoy the echoes of a canyon; it is for anyone who marvels at the colorful dance that is created when sunlight shines through stained glass; and possibly it is for those who think that choral or classical music are not for them. This concert program can best be described as contemplative, meditative, and triumphant, and as its tunes move from the Dark Ages to the modernity of the Romantic era, it beckons an early Spring and a brighter future.
Spem in alium nunquam habui praeter in te
et propitius eris
et omnia peccata hominum in tribulatione dimittis
Creator coeli et terrae
respice humilitatem nostram
I have never put my hope in any other but in You,
O God of Israel
who can show both anger
and who absolves all the sins of suffering man
Creator of Heaven and Earth
be mindful of our lowliness
Glossary: (from brittannica.com)
*Counterpoint: art of combining different melodic lines in a musical composition. It is among the characteristic elements of Western musical practice
*Henry Purcell: English composer of the middle Baroque period, most remembered for his more than 100 songs; a tragic opera, Dido and Aeneas; and his incidental music to a version of Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream called The Fairy Queen.
*Josef Rheinberger: German composer and teacher whose organ sonatas are among the finest 19th-century works for that instrument.
*Motet: style of vocal composition that has undergone numerous transformations through many centuries. Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir.
*Minimalism: In both music and the visual arts, Minimalism was an attempt to explore the essential elements of an art form.
*Emilio de’ Cavalieri: Italian Renaissance composer and one of the earliest to compose dramatic music.
Check out this YouTube recording of Spem in alium to get a visual sense of the complexity of this beautiful work.